Numbers show that despite national discussions about gender diversity in tech (and being underrepresented and underpaid), women are still often discriminated against in the technology industry.
Tech companies need diversity to be able to make better products and take into account all members of society. McKinsey’s 2020 report found that companies with diverse work forces perform better, are more productive, retain their employees better. And hire better talent than those that don’t focus on diversity or inclusion. However, IT jobs are still dominated by women.
The following statistics from IT work from higher education. The workplace give a clear picture about the difficulties women face. When trying to find equal employment in IT.
The women employment gap
According to the National Center for Women & Information Technology, 47%. If adults are an employer in the U.S. but only 25% of those roles were held by women. Asian women account for just 5% of the 25 percent of women who work in tech. While Black women and Hispanic women account for 3% and 1 respectively. This is despite the fact the growth in STEM jobs has outpaced overall employment growth in the country. According to data from Pew Research Center, overall employment has increased 34% while STEM jobs have grown 79% since 1990. Despite national discussions about tech’s lack of diversity, women are still missing out on this opportunity.
The male-female degree gap
Data from the National Science Foundation shows that more women are earning STEM degrees than ever before. They are also catching up with men in earning bachelor’s degree in science and engineering (S&E). If you look at computer science by subject, only 19% of bachelor’s degrees were earned in 2016 by women. Compared with 27% in 1997. Despite the fact that women are not as represented in the computer science departments of undergrad. Computer science students are more likely than ever to pursue master’s degrees in this field. This is because 31% of computer science graduate degrees were earned by women in 2016, up from 28% in 1997.
The retention gap
After a diploma is obtained, the real work begins. The numbers for women working in tech are even more concerning. According to the National Science Foundation, only 38% of computer science majors are currently working in this field, compared to 53% for men. Similar to men, 24% of women who have an engineering degree are still working in engineering. This is a steady trend that has been called a “leaky pipe” because it’s hard to keep women in STEM jobs after they have graduated with a STEM degree.
Culture gap in the workplace
The reason women are not able to enter technology jobs at the same pace as men is that they are less likely to be promoted than their male counterparts. Pew Research Center’s 2017 survey found that half of women reported having experienced gender discrimination at work. Only 19% of men did the same. These numbers were even higher among women who have a postgraduate degree (62%) and those who work in computer jobs (74%), as well as in male-dominated workplaces (78%). When asked if their gender makes it more difficult to succeed at work, 20% of women answered yes. While 36% stated that sexual harassment is a problem at their workplace.
Pew’s 2017 research shows that gender-related discrimination against females increases when male-dominated workplaces pay less focus on gender diversity (43%). And make women feel the need to prove their worth (79%). Comparatively, 44% of women who work in workplaces. With better gender-diversity balance reported experiencing gender-related discrimination. At their jobs, 15% said that they were not paid enough attention to gender diversity and 52% felt the need to prove themselves.
These numbers aren’t perfect, but it is clear that women who work in more diverse gender groups were less likely than men to see gender inequalities in the workplace. They felt less like their company would ignore them for a promotion or opportunity, and less that their gender was hindering their success in business. Female workers in male-dominated workplaces were more likely than women to report high rates of gender discrimination or hostile work environments.
The representation gap
In tech, a lack of representation can make it difficult for women to succeed. Trust Radius reports that it can limit their opportunities for mentoring and sponsorship. It can also lead to “unconscious gender bias” in company culture, leaving many women “without clear paths forward.” According to the report, 72% of women working in tech reported being outnumbered in business meetings by at least 2 men and 26% by as much as 5:1.
Unfortunately, women in tech have become accustomed to a lackluster representation. 72% of women reported having worked in a company with “bro culture,” 41% of men reported the same. Trust Radius defines bro culture broadly as any “uncomfortable work atmosphere to sexual harassment or assault.” Only 41% of men said the same.
78% of women working in tech report feeling that they must work harder than their male colleagues to prove their worth. Four times as likely as men are women in tech to view gender bias negatively when it comes to promotions. Women of color in tech are less optimistic than white women regarding their chances of promotion. 37% of tech women report that racial bias is a barrier to advancement.
The pandemic gap
This past year, women in tech reported more burnout than their male counterparts. Trust Radius’ report found that 57% . Of women who were survey, claimed they suffered more burnout during the pandemic than usual, while 36% of men said the same. This could be because 44% report that they have taken on more responsibilities at work than 33% of men. A greater percentage of women (33%), report having to take on more childcare responsibilities at home than their male counterparts (19%). The pandemic was almost twice as common for women in tech than it was for men (14% vs. 8%)
Women are less likely than their male counterparts to request a raise or promotion due to the pandemic. According to Indeed, 67% of men surveyed by the company said that they would be happy asking for a raise or promotion in the next month. Only 52% of women indicated that they would be happy asking for a raise, and 54% stated they would be comfortable asking to be promote. The women were less likely than their male counterparts to feel comfortable asking for flexibility in work hours, location or schedule. The study shows that if women feel discouraged by asking for a raise while their male counterparts are more comfortable doing so, it could increase the gender pay gap within the tech industry.